• The Most Beautiful Places To Visit in Indonesia

    Indonesia, with thousands of islands, is the largest archipelago in the world. Wondering what to see in Indonesia? See its wonderful beaches and active volcanoes are a major draw for the tourists. One is sure to find everything here in Indonesia, whether they are here for a relaxing vacation or to experience adventure. .

  • Bali Indonesia Land of the Gods

    Also known as the Land of the Gods, Bali appeals through its sheer natural beauty of looming volcanoes and lush terraced rice fields that exude peace and serenity. It is also famous for surfers’ paradise! Bali enchants with its dramatic dances and colorful ceremonies, its arts, and crafts, to its luxurious beach resorts and exciting nightlife. And everywhere, you will find intricately carved temples.

  • Kim Kardashian’s Transformation Over the Years P

    Kim was born on October 21, 1980 in Los Angeles, California, the daughter of Robert and Kris. She has an older sister, Kourtney, a younger sister, Khloé, and a younger brother, Rob. Their mother is of Dutch, English, Irish, and Scottish ancestry, while their father was a third-generation Armenian-American.

  • The 15 Scariest Haunted Houses in the US and The Stories Behind Them

    As much as many of us think we know how we'd react if we saw a genuine apparition, we don't really know until it happens to us. Perhaps you like to think you would be brave, but you might just freak out. And that is not unusual. It's our instinctive fight-or-flight response in the face of the unknown kicking in. We have seen experienced ghost hunters scream and run out of a room at the slightest noise or movement.

  • 16 Tips to Get Beautiful Glowing Skin

    Glowing skin that feels smooth is something we all strive for and it’s about much more than just appearance. Glowing skin signals good health. The skin is the largest organ in the body and has the important job of protecting the body from harmful, external influences.

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ClipConverter : The Tool to Download, Clip, and Convert Web Videos

ClipConverter : The Tool to Download, Clip, and Convert Web Videos.
In an ideal world, everybody would have a perfect internet connection and we could watch streaming web videos on any gadget without a glitch. But we’re not living in an ideal world, and many of us have to spend ten minutes (or more) waiting for the video page to load just to watch a one-minute video. Besides a slow internet connection, people prefer to watch downloaded web videos instead of streaming the content to their device because they want to play those videos on non-streaming-capable mobile devices, burn the videos onto CDs/DVDs or play them on TV.

Meet ClipConverter (http://www.clipconverter.cc/). This tool is no ordinary web video downloader because it also allows users to clip and convert web videos before downloading them.

Just Add the URLs
If you want to use ClipConverter only to download a web video, all you need is the video URL. ClipConverter supports many web video services like YouTube, Vimeo, Metacafe, and direct download video links. You can also upload videos from your hard drive to be converted.
The power of ClipConverter lies in its ability to convert web videos to the format that you want/need, including audio only. Here are the supported media formats :
- Audio : MP3, AAC, WMA, M4A, OGG
- Video : MP4, 3GP, AVI, MPG, WMV, FLV
Another great feature of ClipConverter is the ability to clip web videos. You can choose to either download the full video or only a specific part of it.

Taking the Shortcut
If you do a lot of web video downloading and converting, repeatedly copying and pasting video URLs is impractical. It is easier and faster to do the process straight from the video sites.
There are two ways to do that. ClipConverter provides users with a browser add-on/ extension (available for Firefox, Chrome, and Safari), and a bookmarklet (for other browsers, or as a complimentary tool to the add-on). If your browser is supported, you can download and install the tool.

With the add-on enabled, you’ll have an additional button on the video sites: the ClipConverter button. Clicking on it will bring you to the ClipConverter site to process the video. The same thing will happen if you click the bookmarklet button when you are viewing a video page.

If you love watching and downloading web videos, you’ll find ClipConverter very useful. So go ahead and use the service. It’s free.
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How to Save Money

How to Save Money.
Top tips on how to save money :
  • When you’re buying something expensive, ask for a discount for using cash. If you use a credit card, the shop has pay two to four percent to the bank. So, if you pay cash (or write a cheque), you’re saving them money.
  • In general, it never hurts to ask for a 10 or 20% discount when you’re buying something big such as a TV, a refrigrator or a computer. Simply say that you might be interested in buying it, but aren’t sure and only have X amount to spend. They can only say no!
  • Don’t buy extended warranties. Eighty percent are never used, and they are never used, and they’re a major profit item for the vendor, which is why they’re also so desperate for you to buy them!
  • Choose the times you go shopping very carefully. For example, you’ll make a huge saving if you buy next year’s Halloween costume on 1st November (just after Halloween), or your Christmas decoration in January, right after Christmas.
  • Always shop with a list. That way, you’ll avoid making any snap purchases. Depending on what you’re shopping for, you can easily save between 10 and 15% with this tip alone.
  • Never go shopping for food when you’re hungry as you’ll inevitably buy more than you need. Also avoid shopping if you’re feeling a bit depressed. It may lift your spirits temporarily, but you’ll also probably end up with something you don’t really need.
  • Keep your receipts and don’t hesitate to return things you don’t want. Also, bear in mind that many shops will refund the difference if you find an item cheaper elsewhere after you’ve bought it.
  • Get a store card and use your discount coupons whenever you get them.
  • Don’t pay for features you don’t need. Fancy gadgets or extras on everything from cars to MP3 players are often high-profit-margin items for manufacturers and dealers. Even if it only costs “a little more”, why buy things you’ll never use? Fewer gadgets can also mean less in repair bills.
  • Sell things you don’t need or use any more. Simply register with eBay or any other auction site. Also, use these sites to buy second-hand goods. Some items may be as good as new, but they’re only half the price!
  • Walking or jogging in your neighbourhood is free, and fresh air is better for you than the stuffy atmosphere of a health club or gym. Also, don’t buy expensive sports equipment until you’re sure really need it.
  • Always buy second-hand cars. New vehicles lose about 50% of their value in their first year, but may still have 70% of their useful life left. That’s why used cars are nearly always a better deal than new ones. Plus, the insurance cost is lower.
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Relishing Sweet Treats Without Guilt

Relishing Sweet Treats Without Guilt.
New Year's is behind us. But most of us are still enveloped by the festive atmosphere sense of spiritual satisfaction and moments of joyous celebration. We have visited many friends and relative attended many parties and enjoyed lots of delicious dishes-cookies, snacks, cakes, soft drinks, candies and ice cream. Hmmm, heavenly yummy….  But oops! Did you know that consuming too much of these deliciously sweet snacks may causes our body to drown in sugar? Well, we’d better watch our intake of sweet treats. Otherwise our obsession with sweet food can contribute to health problems.

Sweet, sweet, sweet
Sugar (sucrose) is a carbohydrate that is naturally found in every fruit and vegetable. It is the main product of photosynthesis, the process by which plants transform the sun's energy into food. Sugar occurs in greatest quantity in sugar cane and sugar beets, from which it is separated for commercial use.
We can find sugar in almost every kind of food and drink. Because its use is so common, it is difficult to accept that it has a significant role in contributing to certain diseases.

Types of Sugar
Sugar is available in many forms. Because of these different forms, sugar is also used in many types of food preparation.
Granulated: Granulated sugar differs in crystal size. Each crystal size provides unique functional characteristics that make this type of sugar appropriate for a food processor's special need.

“Regular” Sugar, Sugar Fine or Fine Sugar: “Regular” sugar, as it is known to consumers, is the sugar found in every home's sugar bowl and most commonly used in home food preparation. It is the white sugar called for in cookbook recipes.

Fruit Sugar: Fruit sugar is slightly finer than 'regular' sugar and is used in dry mixes such as gelatin desserts, pudding mixes and drink mixes. Fruit sugar has a more uniform crystal size than 'regular' sugar.

Sanding Sugar: Another large crystal sugar, sanding sugar, is used mainly in the baking and confectionery industries to sprinkle on top of baked goods. The large crystals reflect light and give the product a sparkling appearance.

Brown Sugar: Brown sugar consists of sugar crystals coated in molasses syrup with natural flavor and color. Many sugar refiners produce brown sugar by boiling special molasses syrup until sugar crystals form. It is often used in tea, coffee or on top of cereals.

Liquid Sugar: Liquid sugar was developed before today's methods of sugar processing made the handling and transportation of granulated sugar practical. Available commercially only in liquid form, it is sweeter than granulated sugar.

Watch Out for the Sweets
Don't be a Sweet: Use sugar only in moderation. Sugary foods have too few nutrients and contribute to tooth decay, cough, obesity and diabetes. Further-more, they can also cause osteoporosis and heart disease.

Practice a healthy lifestyle: Christmas and New Year's parties are the perfect times to enjoy cheesecake, chocolate cookies, a glass of syrup, soft drinks or some sweet snacks. But remember; don't eat just for pleasure or to satisfy emotional hunger. In fact, no portion size will satisfy your craving. Practicing a healthy lifestyle enables you to enjoy sweet treats without guilt.

Create a healthy relationship with food: Food is meant to be one of life's pleasurable experiences. Food is not the enemy. The key to developing a healthy relationship with food is to eliminate the word 'diet' from your vocabulary. Why? Because dieting can cause food cravings.

Try balanced eating: Try to eat regularly throughout the day. Start when you are not so hungry and stop when you are satisfied, not full.

Well folks, living without sugar are impossible for us. But we might end up getting sick if we consume too much sweet food. On the other hand, if we balance our food intake, we can relish sweet treats without guilt!
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Breast Cancer

Breast Cancer.
Article first published as How to Drastically Lower Your Breast Cancer Risk on Technorati.

In 1997, 41,200 women died of cancer, a woman every thirteen minutes. She could be a generous grandmother, a marvelous mom, a super sister or a gorgeous girlfriend. But the tragic thing is, some of these deaths could have been avoided, if only these women knew how to detect their cancer before it gets to the point of no return, when therapy and rescue are impossible. Ninety-seven percent of women whose breast cancer is detected early with no spreading beyond the breasts will survive. Women can lower their risk of dying of breast cancer by doing simple procedures to examine their breasts for early signs of cancer.

Breast cancer
Breast cancer happens when breast tissues grow at an abnormal and usually faster rate. The abnormal cell doesn't function normally and is called cancer cell. The abnormal growth can be benign, which means that it doesn't spread outside its original site. Or it can be malignant, in which case the cancer cells can travel to other body parts and wherever they stop, they cause abnormal, cancerous growth.
Doctors can detect breast cancer by a procedure called mammography, a kind of X-ray examination of the breasts. With mammography, a breast tumor can be detected up to two years before they can be felt. Usually, when a tumor is already palpable (that is, felt as a lump in the breast) it means that it has grown quite big, so action must immediately be taken. Doctors can recommend various kind of therapy, like chemotherapy (using drugs to kill the cancer cells), radiation and surgery to/or the breast.

Risk Factors
A risk factors is anything that increases your chance of getting a disease. However, having one or even several risk factors does not mean you will get the disease, it simply means that you have a greater chance of getting it. Some risk factors you can control, others you can’t.

The following are these you can’t control:
Gender: Women have more breast cells and these are more exposed to the influence of female hormones, so just by being born a female gives you a greater risk of getting breast cancer. Although breast cancer affects the males too, it is 100 times more common in women than in men.

Aging: Your risk increases as you get older. Seventy-seven percent of women with breast cancer are above fifty when they are diagnosed. If you are in your early to mid twenties, you have 1 in 110,000 chance of getting breast cancer. Women in mid to late twenties have 1 in 12.800 chance, and those in early thirties have 1 in 3,700 chance.

Genetic make-up: If your mom or sister developed breast cancer you're three times more likely to get it too. Your risk increases if you have close relatives (aunt, grandmother, cousin) who also have the disease.

Race: Caucasian (white) women are slightly more likely to develop breast cancer, but Afro-American (black) women are more likely to die from the disease because it is often detected late. Asian, Hispanic and Native American (Indian) women have a lower risk of developing the disease.

Menstrual period: Women who start menstruating early (before 12 years old) and stop late (after 50 years old) have a higher risk of developing breast cancer.

And here are factors that you can control. Notice that some factors can lower risk, while others increase it:
Breastfeeding. For every 12 months of breastfeeding, breast cancer risk drops 4.3%, and every childbirth lowers risk 7%. Pregnancy, childbirth and breastfeeding reduce the number of menstruations, which means that the breasts have less hormonal fluctuations.
Exercise. Women who exercise regularly have a lower risk of having breast cancer.
Not having children. Being childless or having a first child after thirty increases the risk of getting breast cancer.
Use of oral contraceptives (The Pill) and alcohol consumption. These increase your risk of getting breast cancer.
Obesity. Especially in women above 50, obesity can increase the risk of developing breast cancer. However, the link between obesity and breast cancer is not a simple one. The risk increases in women who become fat as an adult, but not in women who have been obese since childhood. Excess fat in the waist, stomach and breast areas increases the risk more than the same amount of fat in the hip and thigh areas (which means that having "thunder thighs" is relatively safer than having a "beer belly.")

Breast Self-Examination
Breast Self-Examination (BSE) should be done 5-7 days after menstruation (during menstruation the breasts might be tender or swollen, and this can affect the result) or if you are not regular, done on the same day every month. If you are using oral contraceptive (The Pill), do BSE before starting a new pack. Before doing your firs BSE, it's a good idea to consult a doctor so you'll know what normal, healthy breasts feel like. You need also to remember that breast come in many shapes and sizes and some people have different of breasts and some have asymmetrical ones. So know your own breasts well before you begin doing BSE.
Optional step : wear a pink ribbon on your lapel to show that you support and encourage women to be more aware of their risk of getting breast cancer.

OK, so the last one was not really a BSE procedure. But it's a good idea anyway. You'll never know whose life you might save by explaining to a curious looker what breast cancer and BSE is all about. Or you can start the people closest dearest to you. Your mom, perhaps, on whose breasts you warmth, security and comfort.Or your spunky and adorable sister.Your ultra cool friend. Or maybe, your self.

The following are steps you need to take to do:
1. Stand naked in front of a mirror with your hands on your tips and look at the shape and size of your breasts, pay attention to unusual swelling, hardness, redness, wrinkling and dimpling.
2. Hunch your shoulders forward and once again look at your breast.
3. Gently squeeze the nipples and watch for discharge.
4. Lie down with your left hand behind your head and place the pads of the three middle fingers (the parts with the fingerprints) of your right hand on the outer part of the left breast make a circular motion toward the nipples. You can also move your fingers up and down or in a straight line from your nipple outward. But always do the same kind of movement with all your BSE.
5. Do procedure No. 4 with the other breast. Watch for unusual lump, hardness or spots that are painful to touch. When you find any of these, consult a doctor immediately.
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Brain Cancer

Brain Cancer.
Brain cancer could be fatal. When our brain is damaged, we will rely on nothing. That is why brain cancer might be categorized the worst and the deadliest disease.

There are two types of brain tumors: primary brain tumors that originate in the brain and metastatic (secondary) brain tumors that originate from cancer cells that have migrated from other parts of the body.
Primary brain cancer rarely spreads beyond the central nervous system, and death result from uncontrolled tumor growth within the limited space of the skull. Metastatic brain cancer indicates advanced disease and has a poor prognosis.

Primary brain tumors can be cancerous or noncancerous. Both types take up space in the brain and may cause serious symptoms (e.g., vision or hearing loss) and complications (e.g., stroke).
All cancerous brain tumors are life threatening (malignant) because they have an aggressive and invasive nature. A noncancerous primary brain tumor is life threatening when it compromises vital structures (e.g., an artery).

INCIDENCE AND PREVALENCE
In the United States, the annual incidence of brain cancer generally is 15-20 cases per 100,000 people. Brain cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death in patients younger than age 35.
Primary brain tumors account for 50% of intracranial tumors and secondary brain cancer accounts for the remaining cases. Approximately 17,000 people in the United States are diagnosed with pri¬mary cancer each year and nearly 13,000 die of the disease. The annual incidence of primary brain cancer in children is about 3 per 100,000.

Secondary brain cancer occurs in 20-30% of patients with metastatic disease and incidence increases with age. In the United States, about 100,000 cases of secondary brain cancer are diagnosed each year.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
A brain tumor can obstruct the flow of cerebrosinal fluid (CSF), which results in the accumulation of CSF (hydrocephalus) and increased intracranial pressure (IICP). Nausea, vomiting, and headaches are common symptoms.
Brain tumors can damage vital neurological pathways and invade and compress brain tissue. Symptoms usually develop over time and their characteristics depend on the location and size of the tumor. A brain tumor in the frontal lobe may cause the following:
  • Behavioral and emotional changes
  • Impaired judgment
  • Impaired sense of smell
  • Memory loss
  • Paralyses on one side of the body (hemiplegia)
  • Reduced mental capacity (cognitive function)
  • Vision loss and inflammation of the optic nerve (papilledema)
 A tumor located in both the right and left hemispheres of the frontal lobe often cause behavioral changes, cognitive changes, and a clumsy, uncoordinated gait.
A tumor in the parietal lobe may cause the following symptoms:
  • Impaired speech
  • Inability to write
  • Lack of recognition
  • Seizures
  • Spatial disorders
Vision loss in one or both eyes and seizures may result from a tumor located in the occipital lobe.
Tumors that develop in the temporal lobe are often asymptomatic (i.e. with-out symptoms), but some may cause impaired speech and seizures.

A tumor in the brainstem may produce the following symptoms:
  • Behavioral and emotional changes (e.g., irritability) ,
  • Difficulty speaking and swallowing
  • Drowsiness
  • Headache, especially in the morning,
  • Hearing loss
  • Muscle weakness on one side of the face (e.g., head tilt, crooked smile)
  • Muscle weakness on one side of the body (i.e., hemiparesis)
  • Uncoordinated gait
  • Vision loss, drooping eyelid (i.e., ptosis) or crossed eyes (i.e., strabismus)
  • Vomiting
Ependymoma originates in the lining of the ventricles and the spinal canal and may damage cranial nerves. When this happens, hydrocephalus, stiff neck, head tilt, and weakness may result.
Symptoms produced by a tumor of the meninges (meningioma) depend on which area of the brain is being compressed. They include:
  • Headache
  • Hearing loss
  • Impaired speech (i.e., dysphasia)
  • Incontinence
  • Mental and emotional changes (e.g., indifference, disinhibition)
  • Prolonged drowsiness (somnolence)
  • Seizures
  • Vision loss
A tumor located in the pituitary gland (i.e., pituitary adenoma) may increase the secretion of hormones and cause discontinuation of menstruation (i.e., amenorrhea) and excess secretion of milk (i.e., galactorrhea) in women. Impotence may occur in men.
Metastatic brain cancer tends to invade the brain tissue indiscriminately. Some symptoms include the following:
  • Bleeding
  • Headache
  • Impaired mental function
  • Motor dysfunction
  • Nausea
  • Seizures
  • Swelling
  • Vomiting
Complications drastic and sometimes life-threatening complications can develop with brain cancer.

MOST FREQUENT QUESTIONS ABOUT CANCER

What is Brain Cancer?
The brain, like any other tissue in the body, is made up of individual cells which are much smaller than a pinpoint, and require a microscope to see them. These cells are the smallest units which compose the brain, and there are several different types. A brain cancer can arise from any of the cells which make up the brain. Basically, the brain's thinking cells (called “neurons”) are meant to divide rapidly before birth, and up until about 7 years old. At this time the brain u fully grown, and contains all the "neurons "that it ever will. Further development is by the existing cells making increasingly elaborate connections with each other, to communicate with one another.

Once the brain cells stop dividing in childhood, they are never meant to divide again. If the brain is injured, such as by trauma or stroke, specific cells within the brain (the “glial cells”) divide to form scar tissue, but the brain's thinking cells (the neurons) don't reproduce (although damaged ones may be repaired). You can see that the division of brain cells is under strict regulation and control. When this control is lost in a single cell, then it starts dividing in an uncontrolled manner. 

Brain cancer starts in just one cell. As the cell makes more and more copies of itself, it grows to form a tumor (which means a swelling). A benign tumor stays where it starts, although it can grow very large and press on crucial areas. In con-trast, a malignant tumor has a capacity to spread, and is then called “brain cancer”. “Primary” brain cancer starts within the brain, and is then main subject of this transcript. In contrast, "secondary" brain cancer starts in some other organ (like lung or breast) and thenspreads to the brain. This is called “brain metastasis”.

WHAT CAUSES OR INCREASES THE RISK FOR BRAIN CANCER? 
Like any cancer, the exact reason why one person gets brain cancer and another doesn't is unknown. However, several things have been found to increase the risk of developing brain cancer:
1) Having rare family diseases, carried in the genes, such as Neurofibromatosis (the “Elephant Man” syndrome), Von-Hippel Lindau, Sturge-Weber's or Turcot’s syndrome. These all belong to a family of diseases called the “phacomacoses” and present with cysts or bumps on or inside the body and high risk for brain tumors.
2) Exposure to certain chemicals, including chlorinated hydrocarbons (like PVC) and benzene, is associated with a higher risk of brain cancers.
3) Exposure to radiation has also been connected to developing brain cancers as well as other malignancies. The risk is greater if the person is exposed to at a young age to a higher dose. Pre-existing benign type tumors may become cancer¬ous (called "malignant degeneration) if radiated.

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF BRAIN CANCER?
This depends upon where in the brain the cancer arises, and how big it becomes before coming to medical attention. The brain has particular areas controlling thought, sight, hearing, sensation, move¬ment, coordination and mood. The upper brain area tends to control the more advanced thought functions, while the middle controls mood and movement and the rear (or “brain stem”) stimulates breathing and heart rate.

HOW COMMON IS BRAIN CANCER?
There are about 15,000 cases per year in the United States of “primary brain cancer”. This causes about 10,000 deaths per year. Thus primary brain cancers account for 2% of the cancers yearly in the U.S.A. Much more common is brain Metastasis with at least 80,000 cases per year in the U.S.A. Since many cancers spread to the brain, and it is a critical structure, this accounts for almost 20% of total cancer deaths each year. While primary brain tumors account for 20% of the cancers in children, the majority of cases are in older individuals.

HOW ARE BRAIN TUMORS DIAGNOSED AND EVALUATED?
A tumor simply means a swelling, and isn't necessarily cancer. A patient will come to the doctor with symptoms suspicious for a brain tumor, and the physician will perform a neurological examination to check the nerves or the brain which control the eyes and face, check for equal strength and sensation on both sides of the body, coordination and balance, and memory and judgment. He will look into the eyes for signs of increased pressure in the skull, such as swelling of the optic disks.

The next step is to order a radiological test to look for the tumor. Most commonly a CAT scan is gotten which an array of X-ray beams to visualize the brain. Often contrast material is injected into a vein during the CAT scan, as this highlight abnormal area in the brain. This test takes about 1/2 hour and the films are read by a radiologist. Large tumors are very easily seen on CAT scan, but ones smaller than 1 cm or in the cerebellum may not be obvious.

If a tumor is seen, or there is still high suspicion of one, the next test ordered is a Magnetic Resonance Image (MRI) scan; it doesn't use radiation and is very accurate for detecting even small brain tumors in the cerebellum. It takes about an hour of lying still, is painless, and is much more expensive than a CAT scan, which is why they only order it after confirming a tumor.

The only way to be absolutely sure of what kind of tumor is present is to take a sample (biopsy) of it. Nowadays, biopsies are very safe (less than 1% of patients die from them) and are usually obtained under stereotactic guidance (a fine-needle is exactly placed into the tumor after visualizing it in 3 dimensions). The biopsy material is examined by a pathologist, a doctor who specializes in diagnosing disease from tissue samples. He does special stains on it and examines it under a microscope to see what type of tumor it is, and grades it depending upon how aggressive it looks. Rarely, the type of tumor is so obvious from the scans or is so deep in the brain that a biopsy isn't gotten, the tumor is treated based upon what’s it's presumed to be. 

Other possible tests include an MRI-of the spine for certain tumors (medulloblastoma and high grade ependymoma) which tend to seed down the spine, a spinal tap to look for cancer cells shedding into the cerebral-spinal fluid that bathes the brain, and spinal cord, and an endocrine (hormonal) blood test evaluation for pituitary or mid-brain tumors. We may test to look for the origin of the tumor elsewhere in the body if it is believed not to have started in the brain. Spread of primary brain tumors to other body organs is very rare, but when it occurs it's usually to lung or bone marrow.

Historically, treatment of brain tumors has used surgery, radiation treatment and/or chemotherapy. Each of these has improved dramatically over the past decades. It is critical for the patient to get the correct treatment for brain cancer, the first time. This is because treatment of relapsed cancer isn't as successful as proper initial treatment when the diagnosis is first made. Nonetheless, newer techniques of pinpoint-accuracy radiation, microsurgery, chemotherapy and gene therapy offer more hope to the patient with brain cancer than ever before.
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Aromatherapy At Your Fingertips

Aromatherapy At Your Fingertips.
Another way to enjoy fragrances besides using them as perfumes is turning them into essential oils and applying them in aromatherapy. This therapy is one of the holistic treatments using pleasant smells such as rose; lemon, and lavender. Aromatherapy, which has been around for about 5,000 years; can be used for healing, relaxing, boosting one's spirits, and others.

How Did It Start?
Imhotep, the Egyptian physician and god of medicine and healing, recommended the ancient Egyptians to use aromatherapy for bathing, massage, and embalming their dead. Hippocrates, a physician from Greece who is also known as the father of medicine, recommended aromatherapy baths and scented massage. Ancient Chinese people also used some form? Of aromatics. A book on herbs by Shen Nung dating back to 2700 BC contains details on over 300 plants and their uses. Indian people have also been using aromatherapy for many centuries. Ayurveda, their traditional medical system, advocates the use of dried and fresh herbs, as well as aromatic massage as important aspects of medical: treatment.

The word aromatherapy itself was first used in 1920 by a French chemist Rene Maurice ''Gattefosse, who conducted a research on essential oils. One day, where, he accidentally burned his arm, he thrust it, into a vat of lavender oil that happened to be the nearest cold liquid he could reach. Surprisingly his arm healed quickly.

How to use it?
Sometimes we don't realize that we are actually applying aromatherapy in our daily lives. For instance, when we burn scented candles or walk in a garden full of the fragrance of flowers we are, practicing aromatherapy.
But if we want to practice more aromatherapy, just use essential oils for massage, bath, or inhale or use the oil, incense, aromatic candles, pot pourri, or even fresh materials to diffuse an entire room. Here are some ideas of what aromas you can use for what treatment.

Insomnia
If you have a sleep disorder, lavender is the best fragrance to use since it can really help to relax. Just let the scent of lavender roam your entire room to help you relax and you'll sleep like a baby.

Sunburn
After a day on the beach, you realize that you've got sunburn. Don't panic! Drop some chamomile or lavender essential oil to a carrier or base oil (you can use olive oil for this) and gently massage the sunburnt area. If you don't like massage, you can add 10 drops of the same essential oil to your bath and soak for about fifteen minutes. Your skin will soon recover.

Stress
Vanilla and lavender are good for reducing stress. If you don't have essential oils but need something to help you relax, use a mixture of lemon and clove smells. Just stick some cloves into a lemon and hang it in your room, It's simple and can simply help!

Poor Memory
So you think you're being absent-minded lately? Always forget where you put things and can't easily remember even the simplest things? Watch out! An insufficient supply of nutrients to our brains and exposure to free radicals can result in this problem. But with proper diet, our memory should remain active into our eighties or nineties. You can also use rosemary oil to solve this problem. Just inhale the aroma, add 10 drops to your bath and soak your body in it, or add some drops to a carrier oil and use it for massage.

Insect Bites
Insect bites, even if they're harm¬less, can be very annoying since they're usually itchy and swollen, just apply lavender or tea-tree oil on the skin or put some drops of it to a cold compress to ease the swelling. If you happen to get loads of bites on your skin, add 10 drops of the essential oil to your bath and soak for 15 minutes.

Upset Stomach
To solve this problem, brew some peppermint tea and have a sip. That will help you ease the problem.
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Homemade Recipe for Hair Treatment

Homemade Recipe for Hair Treatment.
Hair loss
Massage scalp with beetroot juice every night.

Damaged hair
Blend 1 egg, 25cc of olive oil, and a quarter of a peeled cucumber. Spread evenly through your hair, leave on for 10 minutes, then thoroughly rinse. For the best results year-round, continue this treatment monthly.

Oily hair
Blend 1/2 teaspoon aloe vera gel and 1 tablespoon lemon juice and add a little of your regular shampoo. Wash your hair as usual, but let the shampoo on for a few minutes.

Dry hair
  • Mix! Tablespoon honey and any type of vegetable oil. Distribute mixture evenly all over the hair.
  • Coat dry hair with mayonnaise, cover with a plastic shower cap and leave on for 10-20 minutes.
  • Mix 1 avocado, 2 egg yolks, and olive oil. Massage gently into scalp and hair, and then cover the hair with a shower cap for 20 minutes. Shampoo as usual.
  • Combine mashed avocado with some coconut milk. Mash together until it's smooth and about as thick as shampoo. Comb it through the hair and let sit for 10-15 minutes, wash out.
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Hair Treatment

Hair Treatment.
If you pull your hair it's your scalp that hurts. Your hair doesn't have any neurons, nerve cells that carry information between the brain and other parts of the body. So officially, hair is not alive like other parts of the body. It's why you won't fee) pain when scissors snip at your locks. However, hair contains fats, pigment (melanin), water (at least 10 percent of dry hair), and traces of vitamins and minerals. Taking a good care of your hair is a must to keep it healthy. Here are some tips! 

Washing hair the right way
  • Comb your hair before you wet it, so it will wash easily. Rinse your hair under a shower (if possible), using gentle strokes with your fingertips (and NOT nails!). Pour a dollop of shampoo on your palms, rub your palms together, and apply the shampoo to your scalp. Remember it's the scalp you put the shampoo on, not the end of your hair, as the shampoo would dry the hair ends and cause them to weaken and split. Also, do not ruffle your hair all over your head as you shampoo because it will get all tangled up. Afterwards, rinse the shampoo off.
  • You need to shampoo your hair for a second time. The purpose of the first shampoo is to clean the oil and dirt off; the second shampoo is supposed to let the shampoo treat your hair. So, repeat the process, but let the shampoo sit on for around a couple of minutes. Rinse the hair completely after this.
  • To get the excess water off your hair, just squeeze the water out. Do not pull or tug at the hair because the hair is at its most delicate when it is soaked. When the excess water is out, apply a dollop of conditioner and apply it along the hairline and the ends of the hair. Pile your hair then inside a shower cap and let the conditioner stay for around ten minutes. Then rinse it off completely

Routines that will help
  • Combing instead of brushing : Brushing will pull out hair that isn't ready to be molted quite yet, breaks healthy hairs, and scratches the scalp. Use a brush for styling only; not to "exercise" the scalp.
  • Eating fresh vegetables and fruit : eating too many sweets, chocolate and cookies will do no good. Replace them with fresh fruits and vegetables, which contain vitamins needed by your hair.
  • Choosing the right shampoo : Before buying a bottle of shampoo you should be sure of your hair type; whether it's normal, dry, or oily. The best way to check is dabbing a tissue on your scalp the second day after washing. If it has an oil blot, you have normal hair. If the tissue shows nothing, it is dry. If strands stick to each other, then it is oily hair.
  • Applying hair mask : A scalp massage will help stimulate and moisturize the scalp. You can either have it a hair salon, (ask tor a cream-bath treatment), or do it by yourself at home (apply hair mask cream).
Having enough beauty sleep
Apparently stress can affect your hair as well. It will cause scalp disorder which may result in disturbing the health of the hair. So, try to get enough sleep and rest to reduce stress.

Curing the problems
  • Shake the dandruff away : Dandruff is made up of bits of dead skin that peel away from the scalp as a result of the effects of metabolism. Normally, dandruff, in its early stages of growth, is not visible to the naked eye. It becomes visible only after enlarging into pieces of dead skin (what we normally call “dandruff”). As dandruff can become stubborn, the best thing to do would be to start using anti-dandruff shampoos. Look for anti-dandruff shampoos with zinc pyrithione, selenium sulfide, salicylic acid or ketoconazole as the active ingredient. To keep your scalp from developing immunity to these shampoos, go ahead and rotate brands at least once a month. Whatever you do, never ever scratch the clumps with your fingernails. It will cause wounds on your scalp.
  • Deal with the split ends : Don't bother with any hair product ad that claims that it can cure split ends. Split ends happen when the protective cuticle has been stripped away from the ends of hair fibers. Once the hair cuticle is removed, it is impossible to replace. The best treatment is to cut off the split end of the damaged fiber.
The next step is to give the rest of the hair a good hair treatment such as having a hair cream-bath or applying hair mask.
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Hearing Loss

Hearing Loss.
Hearing loss and the misunderstanding that comes from it often serve as joke material. But hearing problems are responsible for a lot of anger and depression. Just think: you can't hear what people are saying to you, or you misunderstand them, so they speak louder to you, and you feel as though you're being insulted, or scolded, then accuse the other people of being rude. Complicated, eh? Plus, imagine the consequences of not being able to hear your alarm clock, the warning signal of railway crossing, or the ringing of your cooking timer. Disastrous, aren't they?

Contrary to myth, hearing loss is not only the problems of the aged. The majority of people with hearing impairment belong to the productive age group. That's because a lot of people nowadays are exposed to dangerous levels of noise. Live, open-air rock concerts with their gigantic speakers are not the only source of sonic blasts. Our ears are constantly battered by video arcades; firecrackers, household appliances like food processors and hair dryers, vehicles like rumbling trucks and motorcycles, not to mention the music blaring from our earphones. So how do these noise explosions affect our windows to the voices of the world, and how can we prevent hearing loss? Read on.

How We Hear
Sound travels through the air in waves. The outer part of our ear collects and focuses these waves and channels them to the ear canal. At the end of the canal is the thin tympanic membrane, which vibrates when the sound waves hit it. The vibration is then transmitted through the small bones in the ear, until it reaches a tiny snail-like organ called the cochlea. The cochlea contains fluid that will ripple in response to the vibration tranmitted by the bones. The movement of the fluid stirs the tiny hairs inside the cochlea and in turn, the swaying of the tiny hairs triggers the launching of chemicals to the brain, which then interprets the sound.

Noise Damage
Although many things can damage your hearing, noise is still the number one offender. Very loud sound especially at close range and for a long duration, destroy the tiny hairs inside the cochlea. The hairs closer to the outside of the cochlea, the more sensitive ones, will be the first to get damaged, so the first sign that you're having trouble hearing is that you have difficulty catching high-pitched sounds like the voices of children and women.

Many people don't realize that their hearing is dam-aged because the problem usually develops gradually But you will know that the noise level around you is dangerous if:
• you can't hear someone a meter away.
• you have pain in your ears after leaving a noisy area
• you hear ringing or buzing (tinnitus) in your ears immediately after expsure to noise.
• You suddenly have difficulty understanding speech after exposure to noise; you can hear people talking but you cannot understand them.

So what can we do to keep our sound radar shipshape?
• Limit exposure time to noisy activities.
• At home, turn down the volume on the television, (radio, stereo, or walkman.)
• Wear ear plugs or muffs when working with loud machineries like motorcycles, etc.
• Buy quieter products (compare dB (decibel) ratings on the packaging- the smaller the better).
• Reduce the number of noisy appliances running at the same time at home or in your work place.
Now that you know how delicate your hearing is and how dangerous loud noise can be, go easy on the volume button on your discman, will you?

SOUND – O - METER
140 decibels (gunshot, jet engine at take-off) : Immediate damage to hearing
125 decibels (firecrackers) : Pain threshold
120 decibels (rock-concerts) : Risk of hearing damage in 7 minutes
115 decibels (baby’s cry, jet' skis) : Risk of hearing damage in 15 minutes
105 decibels (jackhammer, helicopters) : Risk of hearing damage in hour
100 decibels (chainsaw, stereo headphones) : Risk of hearing damage in 2 hour
95 decibels (motorcycles) : Risk of hearing damage in 4 hours
90 decibels (lawn mower, truck traffic) : Risk hearing damage in 8 hours
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10 Biggest Myths About Skin

10 Biggest Myths About Skin.

Myth # 1 : Pinching your cheeks gives your face a healthy glow.
Wrong. Only exercise will increase your circulation, which then supplies your skin with oxygen and nutrients to give it a rosy look. 

Myth # 2 : You get pimples from eating chocolate and greasy food.
No, but a diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables will make your skin look better. Certain substances, like iodine (found in peanuts, shell fish and iodized salt) have been linked to acne. Eat them in moderation or eliminate them from your diet if you have skin problems.

Myth # 3 : When your face breaks out, scrub it more often.
Overscrubbing your face with harsh soaps abrasive cleansers can dry out your skin and cause more breakouts. All you need is to wash your face twice a day with a mild soap or cleanser to remove cosmetics and dirt.

Myth # 4 : Drinking eight glasses of water a day can clear up breakouts.
While drinking water may make your skin look better (it makes skin stay hydrated), there's no evidence that it clears up acne. Hormones and stress also affect breakouts and cannot be altered by water intake.

Myth # 5 : Squeezing a zit is better - leaving it alone.
No. Popping zit will increase the chance of spreading the infection under the skin's surface and cause scars.

Myth # 6 : Getting a tan dries up your pimples.
It may, temporarily. But, since ultraviolet rays play a role in thickening skin and clogging pores, there's always a chance that your skin will break out later.

Myth # 7 : Exfoliating daily helps keep your skin cleaner.
No. daily exfoliation is too aggressive for your skin. Do it once in a week, using cream rather than pad or buffer.

Myth # 8 : Skip the moisturizer if your skin breaks out. Definitely not. 
Drying out your skin can make acne worse.

Myth # 9 : Going to sleep with your eye makeup on isn't all that bad.
Eye make-up that's left on should be rubbed off before you sleep. If you remove it in the morning, you will have to rub harder. It can cause tear on your skin.

Myth # 10 : Using sunscreen makes your skin break out.
Not if you use noncomedogenic sun screen.

10 Common Myths about Skin
By Harvard Medical School

1. The right skin cream can keep your skin looking young.

There are hundreds of skin treatments that claim to help you look younger or slow the aging process. For reducing wrinkles, the topical treatment with the best evidence behind it is retinoic acid (as in Retin-A). Many over-the-counter products contain retinoic acid, but it's difficult to say if one is better than another. But the best ways to keep wrinkles at bay are using sunscreen and not smoking.

2. Antibacterial soap is best for keeping your skin clean.

Skin normally has bacteria on it. It's impossible to keep your skin completely free of bacteria for any amount of time. In fact, many experts are concerned that the use of antibacterial soap could lead to more antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Antibacterial soap is not necessary for everyday use. Regular soap is fine. Thorough and consistent hand-washing, not antibacterial soap, is what helps prevent the spread of infection.

3. Eating chocolate or oily foods causes oily skin and acne.

The truth is that an oily substance called sebum causes acne. It's made and secreted by the skin. In fact, there's no evidence that any specific food causes acne.

4. Tanning is bad for you.

Spending an excessive amount of time in the sun or in a tanning booth can increase skin cancer risk, especially if sunscreen is not used. Skin cancer risk is correlated with total lifetime sun exposure and frequency of sunburns. Excessive tanning can also damage skin, causing it to wrinkle and age prematurely.
But developing a light or gradual tan through repeated, but careful, sun exposure isn't dangerous. As long as you're taking precautions — such as using a sunscreen of at least SPF 30, applying it thoroughly and reapplying when necessary, and avoiding peak sun exposure times — a light tan with no burning isn't a warning sign.

5. Tanning is good for you.

People often associate a dark tan with the glow of good health. But there's no evidence that tanned people are healthier than paler people. Sun exposure does have a health benefit, though. Sunlight activates vitamin D in the skin. Vitamin D helps keep bones strong, and may also lower the risk of certain cancers and boost immune function. Depending on how much vitamin D you're getting in your diet, a lack of sun exposure could increase your risk of vitamin D deficiency.

6. The higher the SPF of your sunscreen, the better.

Above a certain level, a higher sun protection factor (SPF) has little added benefit compared with a lower SPF. Experts generally recommend using sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30, which blocks out 97% of UVB radiation. It may be worth a higher SPF if you're planning to be outside for more than two to three hours, especially during hours of peak sun exposure (10 a.m. to 2 p.m.). But in most circumstances, a higher SPF may not be worth the extra cost.

7. A scar that is barely noticeable is the mark of a good surgeon.

The true skill of a surgeon is demonstrated by what he or she does between making and closing the incision. While surgeons routinely pay more attention to incisions on the face (using thinner suture, making stitches closer together, or avoiding the use of sutures altogether if possible), the appearance of a scar tells you little about the skill of your surgeon.


8. Vitamin E will make scars fade.

There's little evidence to support this claim. Talk to your surgeon or dermatologist if you have concerns about the appearance of a scar. There are many options for improving the appearance of scars, including laser treatments.

9. Crossing your legs causes varicose veins.

There are a number of risk factors for varicose veins, but crossing your legs is not one of them. Heredity is one of the most important — an estimated 80% of people with varicose veins have a parent with the same condition. Other things that make a person prone to varicose veins include smoking, inactivity, high blood pressure, pregnancy, obesity, and having a job that requires prolonged standing. If you already have varicose veins, elevating your legs and using compression stockings may be helpful. But keeping your legs "uncrossed" won't prevent or improve the condition.

10. Scalp massage can prevent baldness.

There's simply no evidence that scalp massage prevents baldness, tempting as it is to believe.
If you see something unusual on your skin or have concerns about how to keep your skin healthy, talk to your doctor or dermatologist. And if you hear someone repeating these skin myths, you can set them straight.
Source: https://www.health.harvard.edu/womens-health/dont-fall-for-these-skin-myths

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What Skin Type Are You

What Skin Type Are You
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Body Image and Self Esteem

Body Image and Self Esteem.
Are you happy about your physical condition? Or do you think that you are skinny, too fat, too short, or thin? Or maybe you have this mole or scar you really want to get rid of whatever you think, you should know that body image is based on your thoughts and feelings about the way your body looks. Poor body image comes from negative thoughts and feelings about your appearance. Body image is a major factor in self-esteem, which is the way you think and feel about yourself as a person. Self-esteem can also be based on how you think other people look at you as a person. 
Whenever you feel low, try to remember these:
  • Your body is your own, no matter what shape, size, or color it comes in. Other people may say whatever they want, but they're not the master of your body.
  • You're unique because you're not just a copy of someone else.
  • What's inside your brain and mind is more important than your looks.
  • Try to focus on improving your behavior and skills. Giving enough time to nourish your talents will help you to improve your unique qualities.
Nice to Know:
  • Treating yourself with respect and realizing that every part of you is worth caring for and protecting will help you keep a healthy attitude towards yourself.
  • Building a good self-esteem can take a long time and is not always easy, but knowing that you can improve your self-esteem is the first step.
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How to Keep Stress Under Control

How to Keep Stress Under Control.
Sleeping problems, unexplainable sadness, panic attacks, sudden anger, and/or moodiness are signs of stress. When you already have one or two of those symptoms, you should be aware that you need to do something.
The most helpful method of dealing with stress is learning how to manage the stress that comes along with any new challenge, good or bad. Knowing how to “de-stress” and doing it when things are relatively calm can help you get through challenging circumstances that may arise. 
Here are some things that can help keep stress under control.
  • Take a stand against over-scheduling. You know your limitations; just do the things that receive priority and cut out the unnecessary ones.
  • Be realistic. Don't try to be perfect - no one is.
  • Get a good night's sleep. Getting enough sleep helps keep your body and mind in top shape, making you better equipped to deal with any negative stressors.
  • Learn to relax. Reading a good book, making time for a hobby, or spending time with your pet can put you at ease and reduce stress.
  • Treat your body well. Getting regular exercise helps people manage stress. And eat well to help your body get the right fuel to function at its best. Under stressful conditions, the body needs vitamins and minerals more than ever.
  • Watch what you're thinking. A healthy dose of optimism can help you make the best of stressful circumstances.
  • Solve the little problems. Learning to solve everyday problems can give you a sense of control. But avoiding them can leave you feeling like you have little control and that just adds to stress. 
 Nice to know:
  • Having a little stress can help keep you on your toes, ready to rise to a challenge.
  • Stress-management skills work best when they're applied regularly, not just when the pressure's on.
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Distressed

Distressed.
What is stress?
Some psychologists define stress as follows, stress is an internal state which can be caused by physical demands on the body (disease condition, exercise, extremes of temperature and the like) or by environmental and social situations which are evaluated as potentially harmful, uncontrollable, or exceeding our resources for coping (Morgan, King, Weisz, Schopler, Introduction to Psychology 1986). 
As the experts state, stress can be caused by physical and social situations.

What can we do to cope with stress?
Everyone has their own way to cope with stressful situations. There are various ways to solve this problem. Following are come steps you can use to deal with stressful situations.
1. Play sports! Never have the night time, or the right reason to do your favorite one? Do it now! An expert says that physical activity (for about 30 minutes) causes your brain to create a hormone which will influence you mood positively.
2. Laugh, guys! Yes, there us a saying that says “Laughing can make your day. If you are stressed, try some jokes, watch a comedy movie, or try to remember a situation that made you laugh.
3. There are times when we need somebody to “let it all out”. Contact a friend whom you can talk with, just to let it out. Sharing your problems with somebody is halfway to solving them.
4. Experience something “new”. Do you always eat the same food for lunch? Choose another kind of food. Do you always hang out at the same place? Try another place, with another activity.
5. Take some time to do your hobby, do you love to play electronic. Do you love to play electronic games? In line skating? Play guitar? Just do it.
6. Find the root of the problem, and try to solve it. Take some time to contemplate, rethink about what happened. Do some introspection, and try to find the solution. Then, discuss it with somebody you’re comfortable with, e.g. friends, brothers or sisters, parents, to find apply the best possible solutions.
7. If you still feel distressed after trying the steps above consult a professional. Who? A counselor or psychologist. You can find counselors at schools (the guidance and counselor teacher).

Ok now. Ready for the next school day? You should be. Don’t let your problems linger. Do something about it, and do it right now!
Nothing last forever-not even your troublesArnold Glasow
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The Lowdown On Chocolate

The Lowdown On Chocolate.
Chocolate is simply irresistible: Milk chocolate, orange-flavored chocolate, almond or cashew chocolate, you name it! The credit for enjoying a bite of chocolates incredible taste should go to the Aztecs and the Mayans, the original chocolate discoverers. We owe them for introducing these magnificent plants called cacao trees, And the story about chocolate continues... 

How It all Started
The Aztecs and Mayans created a drink made from the beans of the cacao tree. They called the beverage cocoatl. In 1528, the conquering Spanish brought the concoction known as chocolate (cho-co-LAH-tay) back to Spain. In 1615, chocolat (sho-co-LAH) debuted at a royal wedding in France. From there, it made its way to England as chocolata.

Chocolate drinking reached across the Channel to Great Britain, where in 1657 the first of many renowned English Chocolate Houses cropped up. Manual production of chocolate by small shops soon made way for mass production by bigger stores.

Aiding the transition was the development of the steam engine, which automated cocoa grinding. By 1730, chocolate prices became affordable to all. Then in 1876, Daniel Peter, a Swiss chocolate maker, figured out how to add milk to the chocolate and thus created another mouth¬watering favorite - milk chocolate. In the United States, the chocolate boom was more pronounced than in any other country. Production took off at record rates, starting with the nation's first chocolate factory in pre-Revolutionary New England in 1765.


What people do with it?
By 1200 cacao became a key commodity for that vast trade empire of the Aztec people not only as a luxury drink, but also as money an offering to the gods, and tribute to rulers. It is reported that Napoleon carried chocolate with him on his military campaigns, and always ate it when he needed quick energy. During world war II, the U.S government recognized chocolate’s role in boosting the nourishment and group spirit of the Allied Armed Forces, so much so that it allocated.

How it affects our health
Chocolate contains phenyl ethylamine (PEA), a natural substance that is reputed to stimulate the same reaction in the body as falling in love. Hence, heartbreak and loneliness are great excuses for chocolate overindulgence. Phenyl ethylamine also increases the activity of neurotransmitters (brain chemicals) in parts of the brain that control our ability to pay attention and stay alert.

Eating chocolate neither causes nor aggravates acne. Two studies one by the Pennsylvania school of medicine and another by the U.S. Naval Academy-showed that eating chocolate (or not eating it) did not produce any significant change in the acne conditions of the study’s participants.

Chocolate also has not been proven to cause cavities or tooth decay. In fact, there are indications that the cocoa butter in the chocolate that the cocoa butter in the chocolate coats the teeth and may help protect them by preventing plaque from forming. The sugar in chocolate does contribute to cavities, but more that the sugar in any other food. 

Today, the U.S Army’s rations contain chocolate bars and chocolate candies, and chocolate has been taken into space as part of the diet of U.S astronauts.
On Valentine’s Day, Japanese girls give chocolate to boys, while it’s the others way around on white day (March 14th). This tradition started as marketing tool for chocolate companies in Japan.

What forms it takes
  • Unsweetened Chocolate is pure chocolate liquor, also known as bitter or baking chocolate. It is grounded roasted chocolate beans with no other added ingredients.
  • Dark Chocolate is a term used for chocolate , that contains a minimum of 43% cocoa according to European norms. A 70% cocoa chocolate is considered quite dark, while 85% and even 88% cocoa dark chocolates have become quite popular for dark chocolate lovers.
  • Couverture or Coating Chocolate is a term used for cocoa butter rich in chocolate of the highest quality. This chocolate also contains a high percentage of chocolate liquor (sometimes more than 70 percent) besides cocoa butter. It is very fluid when melted and has an excellent flavor.
  • Bittersweet Chocolate is chocolate liquor (or unsweetened chocolate) to which sugar, more cocoa butter, lecithin, and vanilla have been added. It has less sugar and more liquor than semisweet chocolate. Sweet Chocolate is not as common today as it once was years ago. It was developed by the American chocolate manufacturer, Baker's Chocolate.
  • White Chocolate isn't really considered chocolate at all due to the absence of chocolate liquor. It's called white chocolate because it contains cocoa butter. Cocoa Powder is made by pulverizing the chocolate beans and removing nearly all their cocoa butter. Natural cocoa is light in color and somewhat acidic with a strong chocolate flavor.
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Meet The New Me!

Meet The New Me!.
Give up your highly valued pathologies. Experiencing a lot of pain is not sensitivity-it is of dumb. Get rid of psychological garbage! (Abraham Maslow).

What would you do if the alarm clock next to your bed started going off, and no matter what you did to turn it of, it just kept getting louder… louder… and louder? Pretty soon, you’d be slapping it, or slamming it against the wall, or even beating it with a hammer… right?

Now just think about how often people commit suicide to end their depression; how many teenagers turn to drugs to cope with their uneasiness; how many people injure others; physically or emotionally, just to release their anger.

When you reflect on you own worst mistakes, isn’t it own worst mistakes, isn’t it almost always true that those mistakes made you feel bad about yourself? These negative emotions however are some of god’s best gifts. They are incredible alarm clocks designed to wake us up to take corrective action: NOTHING MORE AND NOTHING LESS. The examples above show us that way too many people don’t know how to benefit from these gifts from god. So, wanna know how? Read on!

PICKING UP in The New Year
……I know I've got lots of things about me tat need to be corrected. The alarm clock beside me has been (join off, but I need to find ways to turn it off without damaging it because want this alarm clock to keep on waking me up....

I’II Be A New Me When….
I’m more flexible and spontaneous. I see life as an adventure. I'm like a courageous explorer going on an expedition into uncharted territory—I'm not sure what's gonna happen, but I'm confident it ill be exciting and growth producing, and lat I will discover new places and make new contributions.
I refuse to beat myself up over boo-boos. Everybody slips up once in a while. Being human means I have a long way to o before becoming perfect. I accept the fact that perfection isn't necessary so I can cut myself some slack and not be so defensive. When I face a failure, big or mall, I don't get so philosophical about it. I admit my error, learn from it and get on with my life. The only real mistake in life is le mistake not learned from. I'll do better next time.

I create my own limits. I don't work or study until I drop from exhaustion. I don't eat until I am overweight. I don't spend until there's no money left. I don't smoke until I suffer from lung cancer. I don't self-indulge until I screw up my life. I create my own limits to maximize my effectiveness. I take time for re-creation and exercise.

I stop gauging my self by what others think. I know that if I'm always trying to live up to somebody else's expectations, or if I constantly worry about the opinions of others, I'll be held way back. So I go inside myself and start believing that I can live my dreams. I stay true to my goals and let my determination shield me from the self-defeating attitude of others.

I change the things I can and accept the rest. I know I will never be Christina Aguilera or Craig David, but I can have as much confidence as she or he seems to have. I can get in shape, go for the clothes that bring out my best. I can accept my face and my body for what they are-and learn to love them, I can focus on the things I CAN do something about and work on to improve any situation I'm in.

I relate better with others. In me there's no such thing as duplicity, double-mindedness, or hypocrisy. I'm not into comparing, competing, or criticizing. People can depend on me to be honest, direct, non-manipulative, to make and keep commitment, to walk my talk. I listen and understand. I value differences. I learn to build on my strengths and work to complement my weaknesses with the strengths of others. I'm quick to forgive and don't carry grudges. I refuse to label, stereotype, categorize or prejudge anyone or anything.

I lend a helping hand. I see that-there's hardly anything that gives off the message that I feel okay about myself more than doing something nice for somebody else. No matter how busy I am, I take a little time to do anything I can to tutor a friend in a subject I'm good at; join a volunteer program that teaches children how to read: be part of a community clean-up program, or just pick up a pen someone has accidentally dropped. I'm genuinely happy for and help facilitate the success of others. What a major confidence-builder when I see that I've reached out and made a difference in somebody's life!

I'm continually learning and fostering a rich inner life. I'm constantly seeking to discover, understand, and align my life with what is true, best, healthy, and beautiful. I draw strength from regular spiritual renewal. I become more humble and teachable. I read widely and listen to ethers. I least on wisdom literature, I think, and I pray, in order to nurture meaning and purpose in my life. I'm continually educated by my experience and the experiences of other.

I enjoy life more. I don't condemn myself for every foolish or social blunder. I forgive myself and others. I don't brood about yesterday or daydream about tomorrow. I live sensibly and joyfully in the present, carefully plan for the future, and flexibly adapt to a changing environment. I develop a rich sense of humor, laughing often at myself, but never at the expense of others.

Well, think about it. It may require letting go—of excuses, wants, even our comfort zone. It may require us to take a stand that is unpopular, even illogical to others. But when we start exercising the true attributes of our heart, make a promise and keep it, set a goal and achieve it, we'll really stretch the boundaries of our self-esteem and confidence. As Rick Springfield said in his song “Ordinary Girl”: Nothing that matters comes easy: nothing that comes easy ever really matters. There's peace in it.
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Blog Yourself to The World

Blog Yourself to The World
I blog, he blogs, everybody blogs. You can blog with us if you want to. You can be a blogger in no time. Soon you will see all people in the world do the blogging. Excuse me? Blog? What is that? A new dance? A kind of science fiction creature? Or grandma newly invented cake recipe? Is it delicious? The answers are wrong, wrong, wrong.

Blog, to blog, blogging, blogger, blogged, blog this, blog that... Confused already? Good. Because that means you’re normal. Chances are, normal people wouldn't have any clue about what a blog is. Not yet. Because according to one of the most famous futurists in the world, me (Ehm! No protest, please!), this might be the next big thing in the world after mp3 madness. You'd better get ready, because there's another fun thing for you to do on the Net besides downloading mp3. The name is blogging.

OK, guys! Definition time! Because I can see a lot of people already scratching their heads and giving the “I don't know what he is babbling about” face.

There is no one true definition of a blog, a short form of web tog or weblog. It is a personal journal that is frequently updated and intended for general public consumption. Blogs generally represent the personality of the author or the web site and its purpose. The topics sometimes include brief philosophical musings, comments on the Internet and other social issues, and links to other sites the author favors. The essential characteristics of a blog are its journal form, typically a new entry each day, and its informal style.

The author of a blog is often referred to as a blogger. People who post new journal entries to their blog may often say they blogged today, they blogged it to their site, or that they still have to blog.
To blog is to post your deepest thoughts, experiences, pictures, feelings, and opinions to a web page using software which will handle everything for you but the actual composition. It's a public diary. You write, it publishes. It? Yes, a blogging tool. The beauty of the blogging community is that they're constantly in touch with one another, linking to each other's most interesting entries. Blogs put people in touch with people who have similar interests. You quickly become an essential part of your online community, exchanging ideas on your respective sites with the click of a button.

In human language, a blog may be similar to a personal virtual diary or journal written on your website. You can give permission for other people to read it if you want to, or you can just keep it for yourself.

So, “Is there something wrong with 'the old fashioned left behind not to mention uncool' paper style diary?” You might ask. Well, actually no. Except that the paper diary is old fashioned, and..... uncool. Everybody does blogging nowadays, from ordinary housewives to famous celebrities, from youngsters to the elderly. They all want to share a piece of their mind with the world. Everybody wants to be heard. And blogging is a perfect way do that.

What makes this different from the “old” way of doing things is its infinite ease. There are no HTML codes to learn. With some tools, there's no installation required. You don't need to be a tech whiz to be able to blog. Just register on one of the bloggers sites like Blogger (www.blogger.com) and Weblogger (www.weblogger.com) and off you go! You can place your blogs on your own website (If you have one) or you can put them on the blog spot (a host for bloggers provided by www. blogger.com). It's so simple that you don't have any reason not to blog.

Examples, Please!
If you want to feel the water before you swim, try to visit these links. You can have thousands and thousands of links to blogs all over the net if you want to search. Just put the word “blog” in your search engine and voila! You get the billion dollars! (Just out of curiousity, try the search string “blog + Indonesia” and see what you can get).

OK, here are some blog sites:
Blogmania (www.blogomania.com)
Blah blah blog (www.blahblahblog.com)
Meryl’s Note (http://www.meryl.net/blog/)

I think I should stop here or I will have myself blogging all the way to Pluto. And as for you, what are you waiting for? Jump in - the water's fine!
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Healthy and Yummy Munchies

Healthy and Yummy Munchies
Munching on fruits or veggies is surely healthy. But sometimes we can't get them when we need them. What if we feel hungry on the way to or in the middle of our activity? Eating some ready-to-eat snacks is the answer. Why not go for traditional Indonesian snacks that we can buy in the market or from street vendors, but which can also be sold wrapped in nice packaging in a supermarket. But what about the ingredients? Will they jeopardize our health or, on the contrary, contribute to a healthy body? Let's check the contents of these yummy munchies.

LEMPER 
This yummy traditional snack that's wrapped in banana leaf can give you energy and protein. You'll get carbohydrates from the glutinous rice and protein from the chicken or beef filling.

 This steamed snack is made of flour with green bean, beef, or chicken filling. The beef and chicken are the source of protein while the green bean gives you protein besides minerals, dietary fiber, and vitamins. It's surely a good snack.

GORENGAN, TEMPE, TOFU, BANANA, CASSAVA AND OTHERS
Tempe and tofu are surely good since they're made of soybeans. It means they're rich in protein, dietary fiber, and vitamins. Banana is a source of carbohydrates, minerals, and vitamins while cassava is a source of carbohydrates. But just like other fried snacks, please watch out for the frying oil.

SEMAR MENDEM
It's just like lemper, but it gives you more protein and vitamins since a thin omelette instead of banana leaf is used as its wrapper. It's yummy and nutritious for sure.

The appetizing fragrance of the roasted banana leaf and fish meat makes us want to eat it. A piece of otak-otak consists of flour, fish meat, and coconut milk. The flour gives you carbohydrates, the fish meat protein, and the coconut milk calories, fat, protein, carbohydrates, and vitamins. Eaten with hot peanut sauce that is full of you vitamins, minerals, dietary fiber, and protein, this snack is healthy and yummy.

ONDE-ONDE
Besides carbohydrates that you can get from glutinous rice flour, you can get protein, minerals, dietary fiber, and vitamins from green bean, and anti oxidants from sesame seeds. Just watch out for the frying oil that's used for frying these snacks since the sellers sometimes use it too many times.

PEANUTS 
When you're hungry and what you can find in the sheet side warung by the street is only peanuts, choose the roasted kind so you don't need to worry about fat. Peanuts provide us with vitamins, minerals, dietary fiber, and protein.
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Choosing the Right One

How to find a life partner or choosing the right life partner is a high stake decision and it starts with understanding what to look for in a life partner. Finding the right partner is essential for a happy and healthy marriage.

As pleasant as it may sound it can be very confusing to choose your life partner. As an individual you need to know what do you look for in a relationship and how to choose a life partner. Furthermore, you need to ascertain the qualities of a good partner in marriage before choosing the right partner for a lasting relationship.

So, if you are trying to figure out how to pick your life partner or things to look for in a partner. Below are 11 recommendations to consider before choosing a life partner.

1. Choose someone who respects you

It is difficult to lead your life with someone who disrespects you, your personality or downplays your ambitions in life. When choosing a life partner be sure to select someone who will respect all aspects of your life. Mutual respect is one of the defining traits to look for in a life partner.

2. Shared values

Having shared values reinforces the foundation of your relationship. Simple things such as consensus on the number of children you want or living within your means create a conducive environment for your relationship to thrive.

3. Willingness to invest in the relationship

A relationship is a two-way street. Each party must be determined to make the relationship work. When choosing the right partner for marriage select a person who allocates time for you and demonstrates concern for your needs.

4. Choose an honest life partner

If a relationship is not enshrined in a culture of honesty and trust, it will definitely fail. To build a culture of honesty and trust in your relationship, choosing a life partner who does not refrain from open and genuine communication is important.

5. Consider a life partner keen on your life

A person willing to be in a long-term relationship with you will show genuine support for your ambitions and goals in life. Your potential life partner should be supportive of your plans to advance your career or pursue a worthy course.

6. Ability to cope with your family

Your family will always be a key support system in your life. They can tell if your prospective life partner is suitable or unsuitable for you. If he or she cannot cope with your family members, you might be choosing a life partner who is not right for you.

7. Assess the intellectual level of your partner

If you are a high achiever and aggressive in pursuing your dreams, consider a person with the same attributes. Choosing a laid-back person could cause problems in your relationship. Both of you must view things and reason almost from the same standpoint. Out of all the factors to consider in choosing a lifetime partner similar intellectual prowess.

8. Nurture great friendships first

Having a network of true friends provides perspective as you prepare for a relationship. Great friendships provide a basis for what love ought to be. They demonstrate that love should be purely based on choice as opposed to any need.

9. Anger management skills

A relationship involves two people with unique personalities. At times, you might have ugly arguments in which negative emotions are high. You might say hurtful things about one another. How your potential life partner reacts to anger reveals a lot about future reactions. If your prospective life partner cannot handle anger well, the situation can get out of control when you get married.
Ability to mange or control their anger are some vital qualities of a good marriage partner.

10. Ability to forgive and forget

Closely related to anger management skills is your partner’s ability to forgive and forget. Love does not always revolve around sex, kissing and other intimate stuff. Arguments are deemed to occur in one way or another. Be keen to get a partner who does not keep dwelling on disagreements that happened in the past.

11. Consider taking the Rice Purity test

This test entails a set of have you ever questions in which you are supposed to give a yes or no response. The questions entail issues such as sex and drugs. The test assesses your “purity” level. Look for a comprehensive guide about Rice Purity test to get more useful information.
To wrap up, if you are wondering  how to choose the right partner for marriage, you have to use both your heart and brain when choosing a life partner. Remember to employ the 11 things discussed above in order to make a good decision.


Top 6 Things To Keep In Mind When Choosing A Life Partner

Finding someone you want to spend the rest of your life with can be daunting. Sometimes you can be in love, but you don’t work well together as a partnership. How do you figure out what you need when choosing a life partner?
This isn’t a question with a simple answer. It’s different for everyone, and love can make it harder to make logical decisions about your future.
Here are six things to keep in mind when you’re choosing a life partner.

1. Is it compatibility or just chemistry?

There’s a big difference between being attracted to someone and being compatible with them. A good relationship is more than just animal magnetism. How do they treat you? How do they make you feel? Sometimes this attraction is so intense, it can deceive you into thinking you’re in love. Look for someone who connects with you on levels other than physical.

2. Do your future goals align?

In a relationship, it’s important that you’re two unique people who have your own interests and opinions. However, it’s vital that you share similar values. Do you both want children? Where do you see yourself living in 5 years? These are the types of things that you can’t always compromise on, so it’s necessary to figure them out before it’s too late.

3. When they tell you who they are… listen, and don’t assume you can change them.

If someone outright tells you that they’re selfish or don’t know how to be monogamous, listen to them and believe them. The longer you stay in a relationship that you know won’t work or doesn’t align with your plans for the future, the more time you spend missing your chance with the right person. Don’t assume that you’ll be the one person that can make them change. More often than not, it won’t happen, and it’s not up to you to fix them.

4. Are they willing to invest in your relationship?

And we don’t mean in a financial sense. Is your potential partner willing to go the extra mile to be a part of your life? Do they make an effort with your family or go out of their way to make your day a little easier? You’ll hopefully be spending your futures together, so find someone who wants to support you and make your days better. Think about how much you would do for them, and consider if they would do the same for you.

5. Will they be there through the hard times?

If things work out, you’ll be spending your entire futures together — good times and bad. Will they be there for you when things get tough, or will you be left to deal with things on your own? How do they handle stress and unplanned situations? Make sure your partner is resilient and knows the importance of consistently working at your relationship each & every day.

6. Don’t settle, but don’t be unreasonable

Don’t panic because your life plan involved you being married by now and settle for someone who you won’t work with long term. Everyone’s lives move at different rates and there’s no one proper way to do things. Let things happen as they happen. However, it won’t work to hold people to an impossible standard either. If you love everything about your partner except the fact that he eats all his meals with a spoon — regardless of what food it is — you may be asking for a bit too much. As much as you deserve the best, remember that everyone is human.
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